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Voir la version complète : Brilliant Advice’s to People Who Wish to Follow Isolated Opinions of Scholars - Shaykh Muhammad Awwamah



talib abdALLAH
26/11/2017, 03h05
اَلحَمدُلِلهِ رَبِ العَلَمِينَ ؕ وَالصَّلَوةُ وَ السَّلَامُ عَلَى سَيِـّـدِ المُرسَلِين
اَمَّا بَعدُ فَاَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيطَنِ الرَّجِيمِ
بِسمِ اللهِ الرَّحمَنِ الرَّحِيم


السلام عليكم ورحمة الله تعالى وبركاته

Asalamu 3alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh







*






Brilliant Advice’s

to People Who Wish to Follow

Isolated Opinions of Scholars


Shaykh Muhammad Awwamah







by Salman



As salaamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakath,
Bismillah ir-Rahman ir-Rahim,




https://theijtema.files.wordpress.com/2013/08/qm.jpg?w=225&h=225 (https://theijtema.files.wordpress.com/2013/08/qm.jpg)




The Internet – that amazing super thing through the help of which you are reading this has among the many positives its done has also exposed laymen to a multitude of opinions of scholars on fiqh (jurisprudential matters in Islam)leading themto pick and choose fatwas, for example, on music, even though however isolated, however far they may be from the majority, agreeing opinions of the bulk of the scholars. Remember, all this is almost always to cater to the whims and fancies of the nafs (self) and not to follow the religion in its entirety (which needs to be the goal)…leading them to their own detriment. Detriment?

Read on to know why.

The following are some great advices of top Syrian Shaykh, Al Muhaddith Shaykh Muhammad Awwamah’s (damath baraka tuhum) given to students who wish to follow isolated opinions of scholars.

Who is he?

These two anecdotes should suffice. His teacher, the great Shaykh Abdul Fattah Abu Ghuddah says of him: “My student of yesterday and comrade of today” whileanother top scholar, Shaykh Muhammad Sa’id At Tantawi says of him:

“I know none upon the surface of the earth, who is more knowledgeable in the field of research than him.”

For the discerning, read a brief bio about Shaykh Awwamah here: Click

(http://archive.org/stream/GlodenGuidelineInThePathOfKnowledgeByShaykhMuhamma dAwwamah)
The following advices have been extracted from a lecture titled: ‘Golden Guidelines in The Path of Knowledge’ translated by Maulana Ibn Maulana Haroon Abasoomar titled ‘The Eight Guideline’.



The Eighth Guideline:



The eighth guideline is that a student should ensure that he sticks to the view of the overwhelming majority of ‘ulama and that he distances himself from the isolated or uncommon views, forsaking them totally just as our ‘ulama used to do. I do not mean that we should be searching for those issues on which the majority are unanimous. It is very rare for them all to concur on one view only.

The motive here is that, for instance, on a particular issue there may be a different view by each of the four imams. Each of these four is backed by other scholars of the past who concur with them in their respective viewpoints. There may also exist one or two scholars who have a fifth viewpoint which is in contrast to what all the others have said. In such a situation, it is binding upon a student that he keeps to the view point of the four imams, and those that backed them, and that he abandons the fifth view which goes against the majority.


This is a huge mistake that is often committed by students of our era. Rather, as a result of the present academic disarray, this practice actually appeals to many of them!


Listen to the words of the great imam and mujtahid who lived in the early period of Islam, Imam Awzai (May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala have mercy on him):



https://theijtema.files.wordpress.com/2013/08/note-1.jpg?w=820


“One who accepts the isolated views of the scholars will eventually leave Islam !!”




Imam Awzai passed away in 157 A.H. – An era which was filled with great personalities and many tabi’un, of which some might have had certain isolated views. Despite their position, this is the effect he foresaw in following such remote views.

Imam Sulayman At-Taymi (May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala have mercy on him) & who lived in an era earlier than Imam Awzai. He says:



https://theijtema.files.wordpress.com/2013/08/note-2.jpg?w=820 (https://theijtema.files.wordpress.com/2013/08/note-2.jpg)


“If you accept the (isolated) concessions of every scholar, in you would be every evil !!”




After quoting this statement, the great muhaddith of Spain, Imam ibn ‘Abdil Barr (May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala have mercy on him) writes:



“This is a unanimous and accepted fact regarding which I am unaware of any difference of opinion.”




In the book, Tabaqatush Shafi’iyyatul Kubra, after citing some isolated views that were held by certain illustrious scholars, the author, Tajuddin As-Subki (May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala have mercy on him) then quotes a statement of a great imam of Hadith and Fiqh, Imam Abu Ali Karabisi (May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala have mercy on him) who said:




“If somebody claims that the proponents of such isolated views are sometimes respected scholars, he will be told, the only real cause of the destruction of Islam would be the mistake of a respected aalim whereas a thousand mistakes of a jahil (non-aalim) would not affect Islam in the least. Historically there have been several people of knowledge who propounded views that were impermissible in Islam. For example, The famous Judge, Qadi Shurayh, passed certain verdicts which were not acceptable to anyone, which have no basis whatsoever, neither in the noble Quran, the hadith, or the views of the Sahabah or Tabi’in.”




If somebody studied the biography of Qadi Shurayh, he would understand him to be Islam’s second best judge of all times. (The first being Sayyiduna Ali (May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala be pleased with him) who received the title of being the best judge amongst the Sahabah from none other than the Prophet (Peace be upon him) himself). Despite the position of Qadi Shurayh, see what Imam Al-Karabisi said regarding some of his verdicts.




Therefore, it is not permissible for one who clings to a weak, isolated view to justify his stance against us by saying that this is the view of such and such a scholar who is an imam, hujjah (proof) and a mujtahid etc, for our response would be that such and such an imam and tens or hundreds like him have opposed him by forsaking his view all together!





https://theijtema.files.wordpress.com/2013/08/isolated.jpg?w=117&h=88 (https://theijtema.files.wordpress.com/2013/08/isolated.jpg)





Since a student should beware of adopting the view of one or two people which is in contrary with the vast majority of Islam, it is even more important that he guards himself against another even more drastic and grave offence. That is to appoint one or two scholars as arbitrators over the vast majority of Islam, thereby habitually adopting the view of these one or two whilst abandoning as well as insulting everyone besides them.




So, the first precaution should be against resorting to the view of one or two scholars which oppose the majority for the sole purpose of suiting one’s worldly needs at the expense of one’s Din, or for no other reason but to create concessions for one’s self or anybody else… The second precaution should be against one surrendering the steering of his knowledge to one or two scholars whose every view he adopts and defends, thereby forsaking the view of the vast majority of the ulama of the ummah who may even number up to several hundreds or even thousands.





“This modus operandi (approach) is academically and logically improper.”




The.Ijtema® Conclusion



The gist of the post is that Muslims who cling to isolated opinions of scholars have a lot of evil in them and are more likely to die without imaan, meaning they will be a burden upon the earth while they live and after they die will be the fuel of hell-fire, and if they also happen to prefer social isolation, not only are they going to be a burden upon themselves, they will also be a burden upon the state and are also more likely to die earlier, which is not a bad thing after all, is it ?




Stick with the Jama’h.





https://theijtema.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/286260120035649311_vwnxxr6r_f.jpg?w=300&h=200 (https://theijtema.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/286260120035649311_vwnxxr6r_f.jpg)




References:


1. Golden Guidelines in the Path of Knowledge (http://archive.org/details/GlodenGuidelineInThePathOfKnowledgeByShaykhMuhamma dAwwamah)
2. Isolation shortens life
3. Quotes: Internet
4. Dangers of social isolation
5. Isolation effects
6. Images: Internet


Wa alay kum as salaam wa rahmatullai wa barakath

talib abdALLAH
26/11/2017, 03h06
Shaykh Áwwamah’s advice for Students




Source

Website of

Moulana Haroon Abasoomer
(hafizahullah)
(of Isipingo Beach, Durban South Africa)

and

maintained by his son, Moulana Muhammad ibn Moulana Haroon
(Allah protect him).







My Honourable teacher, Al-Muhaddith Shaykh Muhammad Áwwamah (may Allah protect him) delivered an address several years ago in which he briefly poured out his sincere counsel for students of knowledge. I took his permission to reproduce it in English.


These are advices of a giant in the field of research, one who has spend over 50 years benefiting the ummah with his priceless gems. Recently, He wrote a 500 page book on the same issue in Arabic. My translation is of the brief version.


Download here (http://www.al-miftah.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/golden-Advice-for-students-_final-1st-edition_.pdf)


The arabic audio of that night’s lecture can be downloaded here:

one (https://www.dropbox.com/s/y939wfecjx6avza/shaikhi-1.mp3)

two
(https://www.dropbox.com/s/ex6xlmjolvb2yvd/shaikhi-2.mp3)






A Brief Intro to The Grand Muhaddith of our era:



Shaykh Muhammad ‘Awwamah (hafizahullah)



(Prepared by his son, Shaykh Muhyuddeen,

Translated by Muhammad ibn Moulana Haroon Abasoomer)



The eminent Islamic-scholar Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Muhammad ʿAwwamah was born on the 1st of January 1940 in Aleppo.


Before he commenced his studies in the year 1953, he used to attend the lessons of Shaykh Muhammad As-Salqini. From the very beginning he was the student of Shaykh Abdullah Sirajuddin (rahimahullah). In the year 1378 A.H. (1957) he became the student of Shaykh Abdul-Fattah Abu Ghuddah (rahimahullah). He was eventually considered as the most preferred and exceptional student of both these great personalities.


He enrolled in the Islamic Shariʿah faculty in the year 1382 A.H. (1961). In the same year, he was appointed as a teacher and librarian at Madrasah Shaʾbaniyyah, which was the institute of his Shaykh and teacher, Shaykh Abdullah Sirajuddin (rahimahullah) There he taught numerous subjects until 1400 A.H. (1979/80) when he left Syria. He also was in charge of the administration of the madrasah for some time.


In the month of Safar of the year 1379 AH, (1958) he travelled to Egypt, where he met many great and outstanding ʿulama.


Amongst them are:




Shaykh Ahmad ibnus Siddiq Al-Ghumari (rahimahullah)

Shaykh Abdullah ibnus Siddiq Al-Ghumari (rahimahullah)

Shaykh Abdul-Wahhab Abdul-Latif (rahimahullah)

Shaykh Muhammad Abu Zahrah (rahimahullah)


;

He is gifted with distinct academic power and evident extraordinary qualities. The people of Aleppo had high regard for him and they considered him equal in rank to his teachers.

While still in his youth, he was appointed as a teacher at the Masjid Ar-Rawdah, which was at that time considered to be a prime seat of learning.

His Shaykh and teacher, Abdul-Fattah Abu Ghuddah (rahimahullah) has said with regards to him:




“My student of yesterday and comrade of today.”


He also praised him as:


“A great scholar and researcher.”


His Works


Shaykh ʿAwwamah emigrated to Madinah Munawwarah in the year 1400 A.H. (1980) Here he joined the Islamic university, where he established the faculty of academic research, which is today called:



“مركز خدمة السنة و السيرة النبوية”.


Centre for the service of the traditions and biography of the Prophet ‚.


His first research was on the book “إتحاف المهرة” (a volumous book of Hadith.)


In the year 1406 A.H. (1986), he established a bureau for the research of Islamic literature. For 12 years, he also served the publishing house of Darul Qiblah.


He is a person of brilliant focus, ideas and an advocator of sublime methodologies. This is apparent in his two books:



أثر الحديث الشريف في اختلاف الأئمة الفقهاء

Atharul hadithish sharīf fi ikhtilāfil a’immatil fuqahā[1] (https://www.al-miftah.com/shaykh-muhammad-awwamah/?print=print#_ftn1)


and:


أدب الاختلاف في مسائل العلم و الدين

Adabul ikhtilāf fī masāilil ʿilm wad dīn[2] (https://www.al-miftah.com/shaykh-muhammad-awwamah/?print=print#_ftn2).


His methods with regards to the science of الجرح و التعديل (the validation of the narrators of Hadith) are so unique, critical and foresighted, that they are ideal examples for us to follow.

He is a distinguished authority in the field of research. The famous Shaykh and Allamah Muhammad Sa’id At-Tantawi (rahimahullah) said with regards to him:



“I know none upon the surface of the earth, who is more

knowledgeable in the field of research than him.”

His publications thus far are as follows:

1. أثر الحديث الشريف في اختلاف الأئمة الفقهاء

Atharul hadithish sharif fi ikhtilafil a’immatil fuqaha

2. أدب الاختلاف في مسائل العلم و الدين

Adabul ikhtilaf fi masailil ʿilm wad din

These two books are translated in some languages and are also taught in some universities.

3. مسند عمر بن عبد العزيز للباغندي

He annotated and explained its Ahadith together with a supplement of additional narrations.

4. الأنساب للسمعاني

He researched a portion of it.

5. تقريب التهذيب

by Hafiz ibn Hajar (rahimahullah) together with the foot notes of ʿAllamah ʿAbdullah Al-Basri (rahimahullah) and his student Al-Mirghani rahimahullah).

6. الكاشف للذهبي

including the footnotes of Sibt ibn Aʾjami (rahimahullah) along with a detailed introduction and critical analysis of certain aspects in 5 volumes.

7. مجالس ابن ناصر الدين

of Hafiz ibn Nasirudin Ad-Dimashqi (rahimahullah) in which the author expounded on the commentary of one single verse of the noble Quran.

8. من صحاح الأحاديث القدسية This book consists of one hundred Ahadith-Qudsi[3] (https://www.al-miftah.com/shaykh-muhammad-awwamah/?print=print#_ftn3), with their references and commentary.
9. المختار من فرائد النقول و الأخبار A book comprising of many inspiring incidents which serve as guidelines for every student.
10. القول البديع by Allamah As-Sakhawi (rahimahullah). This annotated version is considered to be the most complete and (authentic) one.
11. السنن of Imām Abu Dawud (rahimahullah) in 6 volumes. He annotated this celebrated compilation of Hadith from eight manuscripts, one of them being the personal copy of Hafiz ibn Hajar.
12. الشمائل المحمدية of Imam Tirmidhi (rahimahullah) together with the commentary of Allamah Al-Bajuri (rahimahullah).
13. المصنف of Ibn Abi Shaybah (rahimahullah). A volumous and priceless work on Hadith, which took sixteen years to complete. He researched and sourced every Hadith and also commented on them. It is printed in 26 volumes.
14. دراسة حديثية a detailed study and in depth analysis of the great Hanafi collection of Hadith: Nasbur rayah as well as Fathul Qadīr, Sharhul Hidayah.

Most of the above mentioned books have been repeatedly reprinted. His habit has been to refine the new editions and not to merely re-print a verbatim copy of the previous edition.
In all his researched books, he endeavours to acquire the personal copies of the respective authors. Allah has made this possible for him in the majority of them. This also contributes to the uniqueness of his works.

Shaykh Muhammad ʿAwwamah became famous through his introductions of his researched books. These introductions generally serve as a critical yet fruitful and academic analysis of the book at hand.

He is engaged in the service of knowledge and its seekers for the past fifty years. Despite his illnesses, he continues to do so with astounding loyalty in Madinah Munawwarah. May Allāh grant the respected shaykh good health, a pleasant lengthy life and safety from all evil and calamities. May He also continue to benefit the ummah with his priceless wisdom. (Amin)



[1] Which translates as: “The role of Hadith in the differences among the jurists.”


[2] Which Translates as: “Respect in difference of opinion in the issues of Knowledge and Din.”
;


[3] A Hadith Qudsi is one in which Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam)‚ explicitly attributes the text to Allah Ta’ala directly.

talib abdALLAH
26/11/2017, 03h17
*



wa Asalamu 3alaykoum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh




Subhanak Allahumma wa bi hamdik. Ashhadu al-la ilaha illa ant. Astaghfiruka wa atubu ilayk


اللهمَّ صَلِّ عَلى سَيِّدِنا مُحَمَّدٍ و عَلى آلِهِ و صَحبِهِ و سَلِّم
Allâhumma salli 'alâ Sayyidinâ Muhammadin wa 'alâ âlihi wa sahbihi wa sallim.



وسُبْحَانَ رَبِّكَ رَبِّ الْعِزَّةِ عَمَّا يَصِفُونَ وَ سَلامٌ عَلَى الْمُرْسَلِينَ وَالْحَمْدُ لِللهِ رَبِّ الْعَلَمِينَ
wa subḥāna rabbika rabbi l-ʿizzati ʿammā yaṣifūn wa-salāmun ʿalā l-mursalīn wa-l-ḥamdu li-llāhi rabbi l-ʿālamīn

`Abdullah
26/11/2017, 08h35
jazakAllahu kheyran,
si seulement les musulmans arrogants vivant dans le luxe pouvaient comprendre ceci et arrêter de systématiquement essayer de trouver une "alternative" à ce que ILS n'aiment pas dans l'Islam. Qu'Allah nous sauve du jahl qui enlaidit.

talib abdALLAH
26/11/2017, 15h59
jazakAllahu kheyran,
si seulement les musulmans arrogants vivant dans le luxe pouvaient comprendre ceci et arrêter de systématiquement essayer de trouver une "alternative" à ce que ILS n'aiment pas dans l'Islam. Qu'Allah nous sauve du jahl qui enlaidit.

As-salam 'alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh

Allahumma hfadh Shaykh Muhammad 'Awammah

Inch'Allah, in english 'Abdullah, it is the English section of Forum Islam.

The translation :


if only arrogant Muslims living in luxury could understand this and stop systematically trying to find an "alternative" to what they do not like in Islam. May Allah save us from the ugly jahl