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Discussion: 12 Logical Fallacies Best to Avoid - Dr Shadee Elmasri

  1. #1
    Editeur Avatar de talib abdALLAH
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    juin 2014
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    Par défaut 12 Logical Fallacies Best to Avoid - Dr Shadee Elmasri

    اَلحَمدُلِلهِ رَبِ العَلَمِينَ ؕ وَالصَّلَوةُ وَ السَّلَامُ عَلَى سَيِـّـدِ المُرسَلِين
    اَمَّا بَعدُ فَاَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيطَنِ الرَّجِيمِ
    بِسمِ اللهِ الرَّحمَنِ الرَّحِيم




    السلام عليكم ورحمة الله تعالى وبركاته

    Asalamu 3alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh







    *







    12 Logical Fallacies Best to Avoid


    Dr Shadee Elmasri





    *



    1 Slippery Slope:

    If A happens, then eventually through a series of small steps through B, C, D & E, then F will eventually happen, too.

    Example:

    If we ban Hummers because they are bad for the environment eventually the government will ban all cars, so we should not ban Hummers.




    2 Hasty Generalization:

    Rushing to a conclusion before you have all the relevant facts.

    Example:

    Even though it's only the first day, I can tell this is going to be a boring course.




    3 Post hoc ergo propter hoc:

    (Aka - Correlation vs Causation)

    'A' occurred after 'B.’ Therefore, 'B' must have caused 'A.'


    Example:

    I drank tap water and now I am sick, so the water must have made me sick.




    4 Genetic Fallacy:

    The origins of a person or theory determines its character or worth.


    Example:

    The Volkswagen Beetle is an evil car because it was originally designed by Hitler's army.





    5 Begging the Claim:

    The conclusion that the writer should prove is already validated within the claim!


    Example:

    Filthy and polluting coal should be banned.




    6 Circular Argument:

    This restates the argument rather than actually proving it.


    Example:

    George Bush is a good communicator because he speaks effectively.




    7 Either/or:

    It oversimplifies the argument by reducing it to only two sides or choices, when there might be a middle ground.


    Example:

    We can either stop using cars or destroy the earth.





    8 Ad hominem:

    An attack on the character of a person rather than his or her opinions or arguments.


    Example:

    Green Peace's strategies aren't effective because they are all dirty, lazy hippies.




    9 Ad populum:

    An emotional appeal that appeals to positive or negative concepts rather than the real issue at hand.


    Example:

    If you were a true American you would support the rights of people to choose whatever vehicle they want.




    10 Red Herring:

    A diversion that avoids the key issues rather than addressing them.


    Example:

    The level of mercury in seafood may be unsafe, but what will fishers do to support their families?!




    11 Straw Man:

    This move oversimplifies an opponent's viewpoint and then attacks that hollow argument.


    Example:

    People who don't support the proposed state minimum wage increase, hate poor people.




    12 Moral Equivalence:

    This fallacy compares minor misdeeds with major atrocities.


    Example:

    That parking attendant who gave me a ticket is as bad as Hitler.




    (Courtesy, Perdue Owl, Ryan Weber, Allen Brizee)






    *





    wa Asalamu 3alaykoum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh




    Subhanak Allahumma wa bi hamdik. Ashhadu al-la ilaha illa ant. Astaghfiruka wa atubu ilayk


    اللهمَّ صَلِّ عَلى سَيِّدِنا مُحَمَّدٍ و عَلى آلِهِ و صَحبِهِ و سَلِّم
    Allâhumma salli 'alâ Sayyidinâ Muhammadin wa 'alâ âlihi wa sahbihi wa sallim.



    وسُبْحَانَ رَبِّكَ رَبِّ الْعِزَّةِ عَمَّا يَصِفُونَ وَ سَلامٌ عَلَى الْمُرْسَلِينَ وَالْحَمْدُ لِللهِ رَبِّ الْعَلَمِينَ

    wa subḥāna rabbika rabbi l-ʿizzati ʿammā yaṣifūn wa-salāmun ʿalā l-mursalīn wa-l-ḥamdu li-llāhi rabbi l-ʿālamīn



  2. #2
    Modérateur Sermenté Avatar de Ilyes
    Date d'inscription
    septembre 2010
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    France
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    8 783

    Par défaut

    Wa 'alaykum as-salam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh,

    How many times we see that... It's widespread so hard.

    Surat 40, verse 5 : "The people of Noah denied before them and the [disbelieving] factions after them, and every nation intended [a plot] for their messenger to seize him, and they disputed by [using] falsehood to [attempt to] invalidate thereby the truth. So I seized them, and how [terrible] was My penalty.".
    Dernière modification par Ilyes ; 3 jours avant à 22h34.
    " Celui qui aime pour Allah, déteste pour Allah, donne par amour pour Allah, et se retient pour Allah, aura complété sa Foi " - Ja'far as-Sâdiq ('alayhi as-salam)

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