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Discussion: Mutawatir hadith - At a minbar (Kufa), al-Caliph `Ali ibn abi Talib praise Abu Bakr as-Siddiq & Umar ibn al Khattab against those who slanders them

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    Par défaut Mutawatir hadith - At a minbar (Kufa), al-Caliph `Ali ibn abi Talib praise Abu Bakr as-Siddiq & Umar ibn al Khattab against those who slanders them

    اَلحَمدُلِلهِ رَبِ العَلَمِينَ ؕ وَالصَّلَوةُ وَ السَّلَامُ عَلَى سَيِـّـدِ المُرسَلِين
    اَمَّا بَعدُ فَاَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيطَنِ الرَّجِيمِ
    بِسمِ اللهِ الرَّحمَنِ الرَّحِيم


    السلام عليكم ورحمة الله تعالى وبركاته

    Asalamu 3alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh







    *






    Mutawatir hadith

    At a minbar (Kufa),

    al-Caliph `Ali ibn abi Talib

    رضي الله عنه

    عليه السلام


    praise

    Abu Bakr as-Siddiq & Umar ibn al Khattab

    رضي الله عنهم

    against those who slanders them






    The Sunni Defense Team






    Detailed research on the chains of Hadith-ul-Afdaliyyah (Narration of Superiority)


    Peace and blessings be upon our beloved Prophet aba al-Qasim Muhammad, his pure family, his virtuous companions and all those who followed them in goodness until the day of judgement.


    Indeed some of the greatest virtues and praise of the two elders Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq and `Umar bin al-Khattab were narrated by `Ali ibn abi Talib may Allah be pleased with all of them. The Prophet’s (saw) cousin `Ali always praised the two men and spoke of their virtues as reported by many narrations such as:


    “The best of the mature and young men of heaven are Abu Bakr and `Umar.”

    “It was Allah who named Abu Bakr “The truthful” from above seven heavens.”

    “Abu Bakr takes the biggest reward when it comes to the Qur’an as he was the first to collect it in this book.”

    “We did not think it unlikely that the divine presence spoke with the tongue of `Umar.”


    However, in this research we intended only to gather all -or at least the vast majority- of chains for the narration of `Ali ibn abi Talib may Allah be pleased with him in which he says: “The best of this nation after its prophet (saw) are Abu Bakr and `Umar” And for the narration: “If anyone prefers me over Abu Bakr and `Umar he shall be punished as a slanderer.”


    It is clearly obvious from our research that this Hadith from `Ali, is mass transmitted, it is Mutawatir from him, and that no one can reject his statement except a stubborn ignorant who follows his desires. Sadly, this is the case of the Shia in our days, as they are Rafidhah (rejecters) who reject the Shaykhayn -Abu Bakr & `Umar- and curse them and swear at them, may Allah disown them as they disowned them.


    Who narrated this tradition from `Ali ibn abi Talib?


    -Abu Juhayfah Wahb al-Khayr (Sahabi).
    -`Abd Khayr al-Kufi (Sahib `Ali Thiqah Thabt).
    -Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah (Thiqah).
    -`Alqamah ibn Qays al-Nakh`ee (Thiqah Thabt).
    -Al-Hakam bin Jahl al-Basri (Thiqah).
    -`Amro bin Hurayth al-Qurashi (Sahabi).
    -Al-Harith bin `Abdullah al-A`war al-Kufi (Muttaham bil Kazib).
    -`Ali bin Rabi`ah al-Wabiliy (Thiqah).
    -Al-Nazzal bin Sabrah al-Hilali (Thiqah Lahu Suhbah).
    -`Abdullah ibn Salamah al-Muradi (Maqboul).
    -Abu al-Tufayl `Amir ibn Wathilah (Sahabi Lahu Idrak).
    -`Atiyyah al-`Awfi (Da`eef).
    -Katheer al-Ahmasi al-Bajali (Majhool).
    -`Imran ibn Malhan al-`Utarudi (Thiqah).
    -Suwayd ibn Ghaflah al-Ju`fi (Thiqah).
    -Abu Sa`eed al-Khudari (Sahabi).
    -Sa`eed bin Fayrouz abu al-Bakhtari al-Ta’ee (Thiqah Yursil `an `Ali).
    -`Abdul-Rahman bin abi Laylah (Thiqah).
    -Abu Hilal al-`Akki (Majhoul).
    -Lahiq bin Humayd al-Sadusi ibn Mijlaz (Thiqah).
    -`Abdullah bin Zurayr al-Ghafiqi (Thiqah Shi`ee).
    -Mas`adah al-Bajali (Majhool).
    -Abu Hukaymah `Ismah al-Basri (Majhoul).
    -Yahya bin Shaddad (Da`eef).
    -`Abdullah ibn `Abbas (Sahabi).
    -Abu Hurayrah (Sahabi).
    -Al-Qadi Shurayh bin al-Harith abu Umayyah (Thiqah).
    -Shareek ibn `Abdullah (Saduq).
    -`Aziz bin Muknif (Majhoul).
    -Anas ibn Malik (Sahabi).
    -Zirr bin Hubaysh al-Kufi (Thiqah Jaleel).
    -`Amro bin Shurahbeel (Thiqah).
    -Rafi` al-Ashja`i abu al-Ja`d (Mukhtalaf fi Suhbatihi).
    -`Abdul-Rahman bin `Abdullah al-Asbahani (Thiqah).
    -Abu Makhlad (Majhoul).
    -Ibrahim bin Yazid al-Nakh`ee (Thiqah).
    -Talhah bin Musarif (Thiqah).
    -`Ubaydullah bin `Umar al-`Adawi (Thiqah Thabt Lam Yasma` `Ali).
    -Al-Husayn bin `Ali (Sahabi).
    -`Umar bin Kurayb bin Subh (Majhoul).
    -Mu’ammal Mawla `Amro bin Hurayth (Majhoul).
    -Asbagh bin Nabatah (Rafidhi Muttaham bil-Kazib).
    -`Amir al-Sha`bi (Thiqah Mashhour).
    -`Amro bin Ma`di Karib (Sahabi).
    -Zayd ibn Wahb al-Juhani (Thiqah).
    -Abu Hazim Salman al-Ashja`i (Thiqah Lam Yasma` min `Ali).
    -`Ali bin Shu`bah (Majhoul).
    -Abu `Atiyyah Jabir bin Humayd (Majhoul).
    -`Ammar bin Yasir (Sahabi).
    -Abu `Abdullah al-Tabari (Majhool).


    They number at around 50 individuals, some are Sahabah, some are Tabi`een and some are family members of `Ali ibn abi Talib. The one who is properly educated in the field of Rijal will also notice that a lot of these people are Shia (followers) and companions of `Ali, many are supporters of `Ali who were a part of his army.


    One my wonder, why is this narration so strong and widespread? There are a couple of reasons:


    Firstly, based on the narrations, `Ali stood on the Mimbar of Kufa and delivered a Sermon in front of all his supporters, this would not be the last Khutbah he delivers on his Mimbar as Khalifah concerning the superiority of Abu Bakr, for instance Muhammad bin `Aqeel ibn abi Talib reports that `Ali also delivered a sermon to his followers speaking of the virtues and superiority of Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq. The fact that he delivered such a sermon openly meant that a lot of people heard it, and as the reader can see from the list above, many popular companions and followers who were present heard it, also many non-popular Arabs and Bedouins who attended his mosque heard it and related it.


    The second reason was that it was `Ali ibn abi Talib himself who delivered the sermon, not one of his relatives and companions claimed it, and he was the Khalifah and the top authority at the time, he delivered it in his own fortress, the city of Kufa, while surrounded by his followers and supporters.


    The third reason, was that it apparently took place after the incident with the people of Basarah, as the narrations declare, `Ali had just returned from the battle of Jamal victorious and his supporters were all in high moral, they awaited his next orders and were anxious to hear his sermon.


    The fourth matter is the importance of the topic, in the final days of the Khilafah of `Uthman ibn `Affan a group was being formed, led by suspicious men, they were telling people that `Ali was divinely appointed and his right was usurped by the three who preceded him. During the Khilafah of `Ali, the situation was chaotic, a part of the nation decided to form an army and seek revenge for the death of `Uthman, another part of the nation accused `Ali of ordering his assasination and refused to pay him allegiance, and a part separated from `Ali’s army and formed the Khawarij who rejected both sides. Midst all of this confusion and unrest, groups of deviants started to spread rumors of `Ali having secret knowledge entrusted to him by the Prophet (saw), and they went as far as to claim he was a god, so he finally started burning and exiling them. `Ali ibn abi Talib decided to confront these people and refute them directly, no divinity, no superiority and no secrets, he was a man from the Muslims, a slave of God, a lover of the companions of his cousin (saw).


    The fifth reason is that a big amount of companions, of pious followers and of the scholars who followed them, they decided to spread this narration of `Ali to refute the deviants and innovators who worshiped God by cursing the Shaykhayn, they also started to spread the virtues of `Ali himself to refute the Nawasib and the mouths of the government who opposed `Ali and denied his leadership. These are Ahlul-Sunnah wal-Jama`ah, the followers of the Prophet (saw) who love his companions and in their books are virtues preserved for all these great men.



    Hadith-ul-Afdaliyya is Mutawatir from `Ali ibn abi Talib (ra), download the PDF files by clicking on the titles below:


    1-
    Narration of Superiority
    [List of Chains].



    2-
    Narration of Superiority [Tree Graph of Chains].










    Dernière modification par talib abdALLAH ; 11/09/2019 à 23h51.

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    Narration of Superiority [Textual Samples]


    The narration of superiority was related by many individuals, most of them heard `Ali ibn abi Talib (ra) in his famous Khutbah or sermon in Kufa, this text is the strongest of all. Other narrators heard `Ali ibn abi Talib (ra) repeat this statement at different occasions, maybe other sermons or personal conversations they had with him.

    We have gathered more than 110 chains in our short research, we will translate some of the texts just for the benefit of the readers. The chains of narrators will be removed to reduce the size and make texts easier to read.

    In the name of God we begin,

    1)

    […`Ali (ra) said: “O aba Juhayfah, should I tell you about the best of this nation after its Prophet (saws)?” I said: “Yes” and I didn’t see that anyone was better than him, he (ra) said: The best of this nation after its Prophet (saws) is Abu Bakr, and after Abu Bakr is `Umar may Allah be pleased with him, and after them is another third one that he did not name.]

    2)

    […My father was from the Shurtah of `Ali (ra) (`Ali’s chosen military division, known as Shurtat-ul-Khamees) and he was under the Mimbar, so he told me that he climbed on the Mimbar -meaning `Ali- and he thanked Allah and praised him, then sent peace upon the Prophet (saws) and said: “The best of this nation after its Prophet (saws) is Abu Bakr, and the second is `Umar may Allah be pleased with him, then Allah places the goodness where he pleases.]

    3)

    […I heard `Ali (ra) say: “The best of this nation after its Prophet (saws) are Abu Bakr and `Umar may Allah be pleased with both of them, and if I had wanted I would have told you of the third.”]

    4)

    […I heard `Ali (ra) say on the Mimbar: Should I tell you of the best of this nation after its Prophet (saws)? and he mentioned Abu Bakr, then he said: Should I tell you about the second? and he mentioned `Umar, then he said: “If I wished I would tell you of the third.” then he was silent so we thought that he meant himself. I said: “Did you hear him say this?” he said: “Yes by the Lord of the Ka`bah, may both my ears be deaf otherwise.”]

    5)

    […`Ali stood up and said: “The best of this nation after its Prophet (saws) are Abu Bakr and `Umar, then we did things after them that only Allah most high can judge as he wishes.”]

    6)

    […`Ali (ra) said after he finished from the people of Basarah: “The best of this nation after its Prophet (saws) is Abu Bakr and after Abu Bakr is `Umar, and we did things afterwards that Allah will deal with as he wants.”]

    7)

    […`Alqamah bin Qays slammed his hand on this Mimbar and said: `Ali (ra) addressed us in a sermon on this Mimbar, so he thanked Allah and praised him, and mentioned what Allah willed for him to mention, then said: “The best of people after the messenger of Allah (saws) was Abu Bakr then `Umar may Allah be pleased with both, then we did things after them that Allah will judge.”]

    8)

    […I passed by a few from the Shee`ah while they were criticizing Abu Bakr and `Umar may Allah be pleased with them, so I entered on `Ali ibn abi Talib and said: “O Ameer al-Mu’mineen, I passed by some of your companions mentioning Abu Bakr and `Umar in an unfitting way, if they did not believe that you shared their opinion they would not have dared to do it, `Ali said: “I seek refuge in Allah, the best of this nation after its Prophet (saws) are Abu Bakr and `Umar may Allah be pleased with both, then Allah knows best where the goodness is, I say this and ask Allah for forgiveness for me and you.”]

    9)

    […We heard `Ali ibn abi Talib saying on the Mimbar: “The best of the slaves of Allah after the Prophet (saws) is Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq, his companion in the cave, then after Abu Bakr comes `Umar, and the third, if I wished, I would name his father and mother.”]

    10)

    […When `Ali used to climb the Mimbar he would say: “O people, if I tell you ALLAH SAID, or HIS PROPHET SAID, or IT IS IN THE BOOK OF ALLAH, then hold on to what I say. By Allah, if I fell from the sky and got eaten by the birds or got blown by the wind to where it is far and deep, is more beloved to me than to lie against Allah, his prophet and his book. As for what I tell you from my own self, then come and consult me about it. The best of this nation after its Prophet (saws) is Abu Bakr, then after Abu Bakr is `Umar, and the third if I wished to name him I would have done so.” Then he continued the sermon.]

    11)

    […I heard `Ali say: “Allah took the soul of his Prophet (saws) while being the best that a prophet can be.” He praised him and said: “After that, Abu Bakr received successor-ship, so he followed the way and example of the Prophet (saws), then Allah took his soul while being the best anyone can be, so he was the best of this nation after its Prophet (saws). After that, `Umar received successor-ship, so he followed their way and example, then Allah took his soul while being the best that anyone can be, so he was the best of this nation after its Prophet (saws) and Abu Bakr.”]

    12)

    […from `Ali that he said: “I know the best from among this nation after its Prophet (saws), Abu Bakr and `Umar, and if I wished to name the third I would have.”]

    13)

    […I told `Ali ibn abi Talib: “Who is the best of this nation after its Prophet (saws)?” He replied: “SubhanAllah O son!? Abu Bakr.” I asked: “Then who?” He replied: “SubhanAllah O son!? `Umar.” I feared that he would add another so I said: “Then you O Ameer al-Mu’mineen?” He replied: “No, not me, then I am after a man from the Muslims.”]

    14)

    […I said to my father: “O father, who is the best of the people after the messenger of Allah (saws)?” He said: “Abu Bakr.” I said: “Then who?” He said: “Do you not know?” I said:”No.” He said: `Umar.” Then I got hasty because of young age, so I said: “Then you O father?” so he said: “O son, your father is but a man from the Muslims, his right is their right and his duty is their duty.”]

    15)

    […A man came to `Ali and said: “You are the best of people.”, so he said: “Have you seen the Prophet (saws)?” he said: “No.” He said: “Have you seen Abu Bakr?” he said: “No.” he said: “Have you seen `Umar?” he said: “No.” he said: “If you had said that you met the Prophet (saws) I would have killed you, and if you had met Abu Bakr and `Umar I would have whipped you.”]

    16)

    […I was sitting next to the Mimbar of `Ali ibn abi Talib while he was delivering a sermon so I heard him say: “The best of this nation after its Prophet (saws) is Abu Bakr, then `Umar.” so I rapidly asked: “Then you O Ameer al-Mu’mineen are the third?” He said: “No, and not the fourth.”]

    17)

    […`Ali ibn abi Talib said: “The Prophet (saws) never passed away until we knew that the best of us after him is Abu Bakr, and the Prophet (saws) never passed away until we knew that the best of us after Abu Bakr is `Umar, and the Prophet (saws) never passed away until we knew that the best of us after `Umar is another man, he never named him.”]

    18)

    […We were in the mosque when a man came and belittled Abu Bakr and `Umar then insulted `Uthman, so I entered on `Ali ibn abi Talib and said: “O Ameer al-Mu’mineen, there is a man in the mosque who belittled Abu Bakr and `Umar then insulted `Uthman.” So he said: “Bring him to me!” And when he was brought he said: “Who testifies against him?” So I and those who were with me all testified, so he ordered that he be stepped on then said: “Take this one to the markets so that the people might see him and recognize him. Then take him away as he must not live near me.” `Ali stood up and we stood with him and he climbed on the Mimbar and praised Allah and thanked him and said: “The best of this nation after its Prophet (saws) are Abu Bakr and `Umar and if I wished to name the third I would name him.”]

    19)

    […A man told Shareek something regarding `Ali ibn abi Talib (ra), so he said: You Ignorant! We learned that `Ali (ra) suddenly climbed on the Mimbar, and by Allah we never asked him, he himself told us: “Do you know who the best of this nation is after its Prophet (saws)?” We remained silent, so he said: “Abu Bakr then `Umar.” You ignorant, would you have wished for us to stand up to him saying: “You Lie!?”]

    20)

    […I witnessed with `Ali ibn abi Talib the battles of Jamal and Siffeen and I had heard `Ali say: “The best of this nation after its Prophet (saws) is Abu Bakr then `Umar.”]

    21)

    […`Ali ibn abi Talib gave us a sermon on this Mimbar, he mentioned what Allah willed for him to mention, then said: “It had reached me that some people prefer me over Abu Bakr and `Umar, if I had clarified this matter previously I would have punished them, but I hate the punishment before the warning. After this moment in which I stand before you, whosoever shall be brought to me, claiming anything of the sort, then he is a slanderer, his punishment is that of a slanderer.” Then he said: “The best of people after the messenger of Allah (saws) is Abu Bakr then `Umar. Love not thy friend extremely, as one day they might be your worst enemy, and loathe not thy enemy with extremism, as one day he might be your loved one.”]

    22)

    […`Ali said: “The best that the Prophet (saws) left behind him is Abu Bakr, then `Umar, and I learned of the rank of the third.”]

    And other similar texts but hopefully these are enough for the reader to understand and comprehend the matter as best as can be.

    wal-Salamu `Aleykum,
    Dernière modification par talib abdALLAH ; 11/09/2019 à 23h46.

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    *






    wa Asalamu 3alaykoum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh




    Subhanak Allahumma wa bi hamdik. Ashhadu al-la ilaha illa ant. Astaghfiruka wa atubu ilayk


    اللهمَّ صَلِّ عَلى سَيِّدِنا مُحَمَّدٍ و عَلى آلِهِ و صَحبِهِ و سَلِّم
    Allâhumma salli 'alâ Sayyidinâ Muhammadin wa 'alâ âlihi wa sahbihi wa sallim.



    وسُبْحَانَ رَبِّكَ رَبِّ الْعِزَّةِ عَمَّا يَصِفُونَ وَ سَلامٌ عَلَى الْمُرْسَلِينَ وَالْحَمْدُ لِللهِ رَبِّ الْعَلَمِينَ

    wa subḥāna rabbika rabbi l-ʿizzati ʿammā yaṣifūn wa-salāmun ʿalā l-mursalīn wa-l-ḥamdu li-llāhi rabbi l-ʿālamīn


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